Genital mutilation has been documented amongst young girls and women from many African countries, the Middle East and certain parts of Asia. Various forms of genital mutilation are practised.
The most common one involves removing some or most of the outer labia. In some cases, the inner or outer labia are sewn together, leaving a small hole for the passage of urine and menstrual blood. Genital mutilation can lead to many medical complications.
Other injuries to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons, such as pricking, piercing, cutting, scraping or burning the area, are also considered to constitute genital mutilation.
In Norway, all forms of genital mutilation are illegal.