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Worker, student or pensioner in the EU/EEA and Switzerland

Definition of terms – which category do you belong to?

Three ladies. One worker, one student and one pensioner.
Foto: Morten Rakke / Helfo

Workers

​Posted worker

You are considered to be a posted worker when you work temporarily in another EU/EEA country or Switzerland for your employer in Norway and receive your wages from this employer. You remain covered by Norwegian National Insurance Scheme.

Worker

You are considered to be a worker when you take up employment in another EU/EEA country or Switzerland. You lose your membership of the Norwegian National Insurance Scheme and need to check whether you will be a member of a national insurance scheme in the country where you will be working.

Self-employed person

You are considered to be a self-employed person when you work in your own capacity for yourself in another EU/EEA country or Switzerland. You lose your membership of the Norwegian National Insurance Scheme and need to check whether you will be a member of a national insurance scheme in the country where you will be working.

Posted self-employed person

You are considered to be a  posted self-employed person when you work temporarily in another EU/EEA country or Switzerland on an assignment for yourself. It is a requirement that the work you do corresponds to the work you do in Norway. You remain covered by the Norwegian National Insurance Scheme.

Au pairs

When you work as an au pair in another EU/EEA countryor Switzerland, you are considered to be a worker. You lose your membership of the Norwegian National Insurance Scheme  and you need to check whether you will be a member of a national insurance scheme in the country where you will be working.

Freelancers

​You are considered to be a freelancer when you perform work or an assignment on your own account in another EU/EEA country or Switzerland, without being in employment or in self-employment. You lose your membership of the Norwegian National Insurance Scheme, in the same way as workers who are not posted.

Students

When you are a full-time student at a college or university approved by the Norwegian State Educational Loan Fund or NAV Social Insurance and Contributions, you remain covered by the Norwegian National Insurance Scheme while you are studying in the EU/EEA or Switzerland. The teaching and examinations must take place at the foreign educational institution. Students taking the ex. phil. and ex. fac. study programmes abroad are not considered to be full-time students and therefore do not have healthcare rights as students. If you undertake  work of any kind while studying abroad, you lose your membership of the Norwegian National Insurance Scheme. You should then check whether you will be a member of a national insurance scheme in the country where you are studying.

Pensioners

When you emigrate to another EU/EEA country or Switzerland, your rights as a pensioner depend on whether you are a disability pensioner/old-age pensioner or an AFP pensioner.

Cross border workers

​A cross-border worker is someone who performs, or has performed, paid work or independent economic activityin an EU/EEA country and lives in another EU/EEA country. There is a requirement to be commuting daily or weekly.