If you are a resident of Australia on holiday in Norway, you are entitled to be reimbursed for urgent necessary medical treatment. You can also be reimbursed for necessary expenses on giving birth and for oxygen therapy and dialysis. Show your Australian passport or Medicare card to document that you only have to pay a user fee.
Note that the agreement does not apply to students or diplomats.
Example: Felipe from Brazil is going on holiday to Norway. As a tourist from a country outside the EU/EEA and Switzerland, he is not entitled to reimbursement for medical treatment in Norway. He therefore makes sure he takes out private travel insurance before leaving Russia.