Clinical trials, or experimental treatments, are studies conducted on humans to investigate the effects of drugs or other treatment methods, but also to investigate how drugs will interact with the body and whether the side effects are acceptable.
The goal of clinical trials is to gain increased knowledge of diseases that can affect us, the types of treatment that can be administered, and which treatment is best.
What the study entails for you, what the researchers are investigating, how surveys and follow-up is conducted, and how long they last – all these factors vary from study to study.
In a clinical trial, researchers may request the right to use information from your patient records, investigate samples taken in connection with your stay in a hospital, or take samples of blood, urine and other biological material from you.
In other cases, you may be asked to take part in trying out new drugs or various forms of treatment, such as a surgical method, special diets or the use of medical technical equipment. In some trials, new drugs are compared with drugs with no effect, also known as placebo.