HIV is defined by the Infectious Disease Control Act as an infectious disease of special importance for public health. Some responsibilities are imposed by law for a person who has reason to believe that he or she is infected with an infectious disease of special importance for public health. The most important for those who are found HIV positive are:
- Give necessary information about who may have infected you and who you may have infected.
- Receive personal infectious disease guidance from the doctor to avoid transmitting the disease to others.
Duty to not infect others
Criminal law contains a provision (§ 237) that makes it an offence for people with a serious communicable disease (including HIV) to infect or expose others to risk of infection. It is not regarded as an offence if your partner has given consent or if necessary prevention measures has been taken. Likewise, it is not regarded as an offence if you are successfully on HIV treatment and have unprotected sex with another person
You can get more detailed information about your rights and responsibilities as a HIV positive person by contacting HIVNorway (www.HIVNorway.no).
Notification to the health authorities
Health personnel are obliged to notify the Norwegian Institute of Public Health and the Municipal Medical Officer about infectious diseases. Notification about HIV infection does not include a name, only information about gender, birth year and birth month, transmission route and place of infection. This information is important to follow the epidemic. According to the regulations, AIDS must be notified to the Norwegian Institute of Public Health and Municipal Medical Officer with name and date of birth.
The Norwegian Institute of Public Health is responsible for sending regular information about the HIV situation in Norway to the European Centre for Disease Control in Stockholm. This is not personally identifiable information.