The Working Environment Act
People who live with HIV have exactly the same rights and obligations in their working lives as other people. The Working Environment Act (lovdata.no) and its regulations are applicable to all employers and employees in Norway.
If you suffer from mental or physical symptoms as a consequence of chronic illness, you can advise your employer to apply to the NAV for exemption from the statutory sick pay period. This is not specifically for people living with HIV, but for anyone suffering from a chronic illness in their working life. If the application is successful, this means that the employer does not have to pay sick pay during the initial period of sick leave.
The Working Environment Act states that if an employee's working capacity is reduced, for example due to illness, the employer must, for as long as is possible, take the necessary measures to enable the employee to keep or be given suitable work tasks. This applies for all employees with reduced capacity for work and is not especially for people living with HIV.
Employers have a general duty of facilitation, in that work must be organised and arranged with respect to the individual employee's capacities, proficiency, age and other conditions.
The Anti-Discrimination and Accessibility Act
People who live with HIV are protected against discrimination in accordance with the Anti-Discrimination and Accessibility Act (lovdata.no). This means that it is unlawful to treat people living with HIV any worse than others unless it is reasonable and necessary to do so. Nor may HIV-positive people be affected disproportionately harshly relative to the desired intention. It is not discriminatory therefore that e.g. health personnel with HIV cannot perform certain tasks where HIV infection might represent a risk to others. Protection against discrimination also covers discrimination based on a fear of infection. Persecution based on HIV infection is also prohibited.
If you are wondering whether you have been the victim of discrimination, or how you, as an employer, can avoid discrimination, you can contact the Equality and Anti-discrimination Ombudsman (ldo.no).
Other rights in connection with treatment
HIV-positive people are also entitled to essential treatment or other medical care to prevent infection. All HIV-related health care must be free. In addition, infection-preventing dental treatment in case of specific medical conditions (organ transplantation, various forms of cancer, HIV/aids), gives entitlement to support from HELFO (the Norwegian Health Economics Administration).