Experience from China and other countries indicate that children are not a key group for transmission of the coronavirus. This does not mean that children cannot transmit the disease to others, but few children have been infected by the coronavirus with little implication for further transmission. In Sweden, where kindergartens remained open, no outbreak of disease with symptoms have been detected in these groups.
The level of infection is currently low and measures for kindergartens and schools can be eased. The guidelines for infection control include a model for measures specified for a green, yellow or red level (regjeringen.no) (in Norwegian). The traffic light level at any given time is determined by the health authorities and not the individual school.
The measures were at a red level from when the stepwise reopening of society started and up until early June. From June 2nd, 2020 onwards kindergartens and schools could downgrade the measures to a level of yellow. This allows for kindergartens and schools to offer a more complete service while still following the recommendations for infection control.
The new guidelines do not affect the measures for infection control that still applies to society in general.
During the spring of 2020 kindergartens and schools were first closed and then gradually reopened. For a full overview of the measures imposed by the authorities during this period see the timeline at regjeringen.no.
For current guidelines for kindergartens see:
Information for children and adults can be found on the webpages of the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training (in Norwegian).
This information is also available in several languages.
For current guidelines for primary and secondary school see:
Based on the precautionary principle some children might be advised not to go back to school. The Norwegian Society of Pediatricians (Norsk barnelegeforening) have in consultation with Norwegian Institute of Public Health prepared an overview of different diagnoses in children and youth, and whether any special considerations need to be taken into account (in Norwegian).
The Norwegian Institute of Public Health offers advice and information for children and adolescents, with answers to questions about the coronavirus and measures for infection control when reopening kindergartens and schools.
You might wonder whether gatherings and other social events can be carried out in schools and kindergartens. The infection control guidelines for schools recommend avoiding congestions and larger gatherings. If individual events are organised, these must be carried out in line with current guidelines from The Norwegian Institute of Public Health and The Norwegian Directorate of Health.
The Norwegian Institute of Public Health has published tailored advice for end-of-school year ceremonies and other events.
Exceptions and opening hours
If kindergartens or schools operate with reduced opening hours arrangements must be made locally for children of personnel within vital functions in society and for children with special care needs.
The kindergarten should prioritize this group and ensure their service even if the kindergarten has decided on reduced opening hours.
Read more about this on the website of The Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training (in Norwegian).
Universities, colleges, vocational schools and folk high schools
The current level of infection and the reopening of society indicated that it was safe to also reopen universities, colleges and vocational schools from June 15th, provided that the general advice for infection control is followed. Folk high schools can reopen next term as normal after the summer holidays.