What do we know about pregnancy and the coronavirus?
Pregnant women might be at increased risk of a more serious course of certain viral infections, for example in the case of influenza. We do not yet know if this is also the case for disease caused by the coronavirus. To protect you and others, the health care services are taking many precautions to reduce the risk of transmission and disease. Based on the available information so far on the global situation for corona, pregnant women seem to tolerate the coronavirus well. Pregnant women are not especially vulnerable to a serious course of the disease caused by the coronavirus.
The Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH) also offers
advice to pregnant women, children and adolescents.
Should I take special precautions?
To prevent infection, you should follow the same advice as the general population. Read more on how
to prevent transmission (in Norwegian).
All pregnant women who are in the 2nd or 3rd trimester are recommended to take the seasonal flu vaccine. If you are in the 1st trimester, and you have risk factors, the seasonal flu vaccine is also recommended. This is independent of infection by the coronavirus.
What should I do if I am pregnant and at risk?
If you have a chronic disease or pregnancy complications, you should discuss with your doctor whether there is a need to take additional precautions and if workplace adjustments are necessary. Sick leave is not required unless work adjustments are impossible. If you work as a healthcare professional and are pregnant, you should –based on the precautionary principle - arrange with your employer so that other personnel perform testing and treatment of persons with possible coronavirus (covid-19 disease), as far as possible.
Can the virus be transmitted from me to the baby prior to or during birth?
We do not know for sure whether the coronavirus can be transmitted from the mother to the baby prior to or during birth. Currently, it looks like you do not need to worry. Based on present knowledge, transmission via the placenta has not been detected. Nor has transmission from mother to baby during birth been detected. This means that you can give birth the normal way.
Should I follow my normal pregnancy check-up routines?
Service activity for pregnancy check-up routines should be maintained as normal at the local health centre. We recommend you contact your midwife/doctor when you find out that you are pregnant and follow the recommended pregnancy check-up routine. Read more about antenatal appointments. We also recommend you follow your scheduled appointments with your midwife/doctor. If you are worried about your own or your unborn baby's health, you should contact your midwife/doctor even if you do not have an appointment.
What can I do myself?
You can optimize your pregnancy and reduce the risk by refraining from alcohol, tobacco and other drugs. Consult with your doctor if you are on medication. Starting to take folate (folic acid) as early as possible during pregnancy is beneficial, preferably already while planning your pregnancy. Other vitamin and mineral supplements may also be needed, such as vitamin D, iodine, and omega 3 fatty acids. You will find more information on diet during pregnancy here (in Norwegian).
What should I do if I suspect that I am infected or feel sick?
If you have symptoms of respiratory infection, you suspect that you are infected by the coronavirus, or you have been in close contact with someone with a confirmed infection, it is important that you contact the health services before check-ups to discuss how these should be carried out. Typical symptoms of covid-19 are cough, fever and shortness of breath. If you are worried about your own health or your unborn baby, contact your midwife/doctor immediately.